The import and export deficit of instruments and meters brings opportunities and challenges to the development of the industry
- Categories:Industry News
- Origin: 浙江省仪器仪表行业协会
- Time of issue:2020-05-06
Current situation of the deficit in the import and export trade of instruments and meters
my country's instrumentation products have been in a state of import and export trade deficit for a long time. From January to December 2017, the total import value of the instrument industry in 31 provinces and cities across the country was 66.520 billion US dollars, an increase of 47.97%; in the same period, the instrument industry in 31 provinces and cities across the country accumulated The total export value was 43.871 billion US dollars, an increase of 27.15%. In 2018, the value of my country's imported instrumentation products reached 102.623 billion U.S. dollars, and the export value was 71.475 billion U.S. dollars. The trade deficit continued to expand to 31.148 billion U.S. dollars.
From the perspective of the operating income of the main sub-industry of China's instrumentation industry, the manufacturing revenue of industrial automatic control system devices is the highest, with operating revenue of 338.349 billion yuan, followed by electrical instrument manufacturing with operating revenue of 60.194 billion yuan, followed by optics. Instrument manufacturing, operating income was 53.142 billion yuan. As of the first half of 2019, China's instrument and meter exports amounted to 34.708 billion U.S. dollars, a year-on-year increase of 0.9%. In terms of imports, according to statistics, as of the first half of 2019, China's instrument and meter imports were US$46.938 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 5%.
It can be seen from the above data that although my country's instrumentation industry has made significant progress with the support of various aspects, it still relies too much on imported products. The main reason is the lack of core technology in my country's manufacturing industry, which leads to the need to improve the quality of instrumentation itself. . The slow process of industrialization has led to disordered product business models, which cannot give sellers a trustworthy sense of security, which in turn makes imports intensified, and also adversely affects the development of the instrumentation industry.
Development status of instrumentation
In recent years, with the development of social economy and the progress of scientific research and technology, my country's instrumentation industry has developed rapidly, and a small part of its products have reached the current international level, and many instruments and meters have independent intellectual property rights. Under such a development background, my country's industrial automation instrument manufacturing enterprises have sprung up like bamboo shoots after a rain, constantly improving some control system instrument varieties, and providing a reliable technical foundation for the construction of national key large-scale projects.
While the trade deficit brings challenges to the instrumentation industry, it also promotes opportunities. Running on the trend of industry development, my country has put forward many policies to support the instrumentation industry, such as: "Industrial Control System Information Security Action Plan (2018-2020)", "List of Uniform Measuring Instruments for Mandatory Management (Draft for Comment)" , "Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Industry (Environmental Monitoring Instrument) Specification Conditions", etc. For a while, environmental monitoring, industrial control systems, and industrial Internet have become hot topics in the instrumentation industry. But from a macro perspective, my country's instrumentation industry still lags behind the international advanced level.
Therefore, the trade deficit will make my country's instrumentation industry face both opportunities and challenges in the future. my country's major instrumentation manufacturers should seize this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to introduce high-end technologies and cultivate innovative talents internally, and combine traditional manufacturing with external Combining emerging industries. Speed up the pace of enterprise machinery automation process, make instrumentation smarter and more high-end.
In summary, the development of product intelligence and specialization has become an important development trend of China's instrumentation industry. In order to meet the application requirements of instrumentation products, my country's instrumentation manufacturers should pay more attention to the intelligent development of instrumentation products, and actively research and develop automated, networked, and intelligent instrumentation products. Efforts to make instruments and meters play an important role in different fields, a full range of high-quality products tailored to different needs has become the goal of the company. (Source: Instrument Network)