Zhong Yu has been for a long time, Hulu is still the same today
- Categories:Article Works
- Author:Zhang Zhong
- Time of issue:2017-01-06
——Visit to Shaoxing Yuanshan Academy
I don't know how many times I have been to Shaoxing, but I have never been to Wushan, and I have never visited or sketched the Yuanshan Academy. Although Huishan is on the north side of the city. But now my desire to visit the academy has become stronger and stronger. This is because I have learned about Huang Zongxi’s master Huang Zongxi’s master, Liu Zongzhou of the Ming Dynasty Hongru, and then I learned about the Yuanshan Academy. It has gradually made me clear about Shaoxing Yuan during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The splendor of the mountain.
On August 23, 2016, although there was a shower in the morning, it was a hot and humid summer day when the highest temperature dropped to 35℃. I came to Shaoxing again on a business trip. By the end of the afternoon, I drove to the north parking lot under the mountain. After inquiring, I went up the hillside along the north side and climbed to the Hushan Academy on the mountainside. But the interior was closed in decoration, so I couldn't get in, so I had to peek inside for a long time from the crack of the door; then I turned back to the steps below, and wanted to look up and draw a sketch from a distance, but the towering dense woods prevented me from seeing the true face of the college At the same time, because of the lack of a viewing platform outside the gate of the academy, I was unable to describe this academy that I admired in a panoramic manner, so I stood in a daze in front of the gate of the academy.
I remembered the history records that the Qing soldiers continued to go south after they captured Nanjing, which made the great master Liu Zongzhou extremely sad and desperate. When Shanyin fell, the Qing government wanted to use Liu's reputation to persuade Liu to surrender, but Liu Yanci refused. Liu Bi lived in the mountains and fought on a hunger strike until he died 23 days later. During the period, Huang Zongxi also made a special trip from Yuyao to visit his teacher. The professional teacher would rather die than surrender, and he would have a great influence on Huang Zongxi.
Thinking about it, the dusk came, and I couldn't tolerate it. I had to find the corner of the guard room on the southeast side of the academy and prepare to paint, although the angle of view was too close and the wide angle was insufficient. But this was a relatively acceptable position, so I stood and sketched the academy.
There are a lot of people passing by, there are people who want to come to visit, there are also people who climb the mountain in the evening to exercise, and there are uncles who take a walk after dinner. Until the decorating master carpenter locked the gate of the academy, and the old man the doorman also went down the mountain, I was still painting. I can't describe my anxiety. I thought to myself: I must portray the scenic spots in place while there is still light.
Mrs. called and said that I ran out all day, why there is no feedback? When I looked at the phone, it was 18:00! I haven't reported safety to my family. I just hurriedly closed the pen, walked down the mountain, and prepared to return to Yao.
I saw four characters "Yuanyuan of Zhejiang Studies" engraved on the rocks below the academy. This is where later generations called the "Wushan School", a school with far-reaching influence led by tutor Liu Zongzhou and students Huang Zongxi, Chen Que, and Zhang Lvxiang as the backbone has since started, and once again made me in awe. Yes, as an upright scholar, Liu Zongzhou was not suitable for the filthy officialdom at the time, but the academy of Meixiang and Qingfen in Huishan was his best home. So he came back, and with his knowledge and integrity, he educated a large number of learned and honest people.
History records: Liu Zongzhou built a Witness Academy in Wushan and started lectures. The Taishan Beidou, who was promoted as a Confucianist scholar by many people, is based on Yangming's doctrine, is based on sincerity, is cautious and works alone, is conscientious and does not lose the essence of nature, teaches people to stand by themselves, and is a model for the matter. learn". No wonder Liang Qichao praised this in his "Anthology of Drinking Ice Room": "Most of the celebrities in Jiangsu and Zhejiang come from under the door."
When I returned to the parking lot, my sweat-drenched clothes stuck to my body, making me feel uncomfortable, but when I looked at the towering writing pen tower and thought of the "Wishan Academy" that I had left in my sketchbook, I couldn't help but feel happy again, and immediately forgot my discomfort.
I recall the couplets in the academy: "The origin is traced back to the great master of the Yangming and Ming dynasties. Yes, under the invitation of the husband, the scholar has become a generation of masters, such as the later masters of classics and history Huang Zongxi, the writer Chen Zilong, the drama theorist Qi Biaojia, the great painter Chen Hongshou, the philosopher Chen Que, and Zhang Lvxiang Etc., as well as those of integrity Wang Yuling, Peng Qisheng, Wu Zhongluan, and Ye Yanxiu.
Moreover, in the 27th year of Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty (1901), a famous revolutionary Xu Xilin came to the Rushan Academy. Together with Qian Shengwu, he founded the Shanyin County Academy on the site of the Rushan Academy to train for the revolution. Talent.
WuShan, worthy of a big book.
—— Author: Zhang Zhong November 27, 2016
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