- Categories:Shunyang News
- Author:Zhang Zhong
- Origin:Party Branch of Ningbo Shunyang Electric Measuring Instrument Co., Ltd.
- Time of issue:2018-07-02
——Visit Beijing Changxindian Historic District
Taking advantage of a business trip to Beijing, at 4 pm on July 12, 2017, under the sweltering heat, I came to the north exit of Changxindian, preparing to look for traces of the year along Changxindian Street.
As an ancient town, Changxindian is located on the west bank of Yongding River in Fengtai District, Beijing, beside Lugou Bridge. It is the ancient town closest to the capital in the southwest and a must pass to Beijing from the southwest. This is an old street with a history of nearly a thousand years. Walking on this five-mile long street, tracing the history of its formation, it took longer than the construction of the Lugou Bridge, which is close at hand, and there are still many historic sites and historical sites related to the "February 7" strike.
In ancient times, the water network between the Beijing Plain and the North China Plain was dense, with many rivers and swamps interspersed in it, criss-crossing, causing labor for people and horses, and difficulties for vehicles, which became a serious obstacle to north-south traffic. To reach the Beijing Small Plain from the Inner Mongolia Plateau and the Northeast Plain, you can only reach it smoothly by going north along the platform between the mountains on the eastern foot of the Taihang Mountains. Before entering the small plains of Beijing, one had to pass through the only passage on the Yongding River (before the Lugou Bridge was built), and there was no other choice. With the increasing frequency of north-south exchanges, the Lugou Bridge was built at the ancient ferry crossing and became an important hub for north-south traffic. The first stop of the original crossing is Changxindian.
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, along the south of Lugou Bridge east of the bridge to the north of the current Changxindian, there were many wine shops and busy traffic. This is the place where officials from the capital go out of Beijing, officials from other cities enter Beijing and businessmen from all over the place to rest. It is said that because of the large number of officials in this area, the store is located in Qingshuipo Street almost every day. It always gives people a refreshing feeling. It is commonly known as "Customers come often, and the store must be new", so the place name is also It was called "Changxindian". But in any case, "Changxin" can only be brand new for a period of time, and it cannot be "changxin" forever. Later, it was homophonic as "Changxindian".
Two years ago, I visited Lugou Bridge and Wanping City. It was the day to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Anti-Japanese War. I not only visited the memorial hall, but also drew a few sketches of scenes. But I didn't have time to visit Changxindian, and I didn't have the opportunity to experience the old neighborhoods that have been baptized by thousands of years; let alone the stories of local people, especially railway workers, fighting against warlords during the war years. Today, I finally came here to feel the feelings.
What I can memorize and sing systematically is modern Peking opera "Red Lantern", "Take the Tiger Mountain out of Wisdom" and other repertoires. I am very familiar with the revolutionary family of three and three surnames in "Red Lantern". I was deeply touched by this indomitable and fearless spirit of fighting for national freedom. Among them, Grandma Li said bitterly about the history of revolutionaries, and the Beijing-Han Railway The story of the strike told to 17-year-old Xiao Tiemei gave me a preliminary idea of the Jinghan Railway.
Walking on Changxindian Street, under the guidance of passers-by, I turned right and stepped onto the overpass across the Jinghan Railway. From the bridge, I can see the railway Changxindian Station on the southeast side. Back then, this area was one of the origins of the world-famous "February 7" strike by the Beijing-Han railway workers under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.
On February 7, 1923, the Communist Party of China, which had just been established for more than a year, led the strike in the name of the Secretary of the Chinese Labor Union. The Federation of Trade Unions put forward the slogan "Fight for freedom and fight for human rights!" The freedom to establish a trade union and the political rights of the working class, against imperialism and feudalism, and the February 7th strike that shocked China and foreign countries. This strike was centered on the Zhengzhou-Jinghan Railway Federation, starting from Changxindian in the north and to the south. Hankou paralyzed the more than 2,000-mile Beijing-Hanzhou Railway and set off the climax of the Chinese labor movement. 52 martyrs including Shi Yang and Lin Xiangqian died heroically in this strike.
The Beijing-Hanzhou Railway Strike was an unprecedented and fierce anti-imperialist and anti-feudal revolutionary movement led by the Chinese Communist Party in the early days of its establishment. It has great and far-reaching historical significance in the history of the Chinese labor movement and the Chinese people's revolution. This strike is a combination of political and economic struggles. The use of political struggles to ensure and expand the results of economic struggles marked a new stage in the development of the Chinese labor movement. It fully demonstrated the thorough revolutionary spirit and high degree of organizational discipline of the Chinese working class against imperialism and feudalism, marking the Chinese working class's entry on the world political arena.
To the west is the Erqi Memorial Hall, and the scorching sun from the west makes me unable to open my eyes, but my desire to visit the Erqi Memorial Hall has grown stronger. Under the guidance of a elder sister, we crossed the overpass, that is, across the Beijing-Han Railway (the Beijing-Guangzhou line). Here, a lot of old-fashioned houses are located on rolling hills. My eldest sister told me that in 2011, this place has been listed as a shanty town in Beijing. The infrastructure will be undergoing major renovations, and the old will be restored, returning to the old Changxindian street scene. I think this is Good thing.
Walk into the "Erqi" memorial hall in the park west of Changxindian Railway Station. There are 8 exhibition rooms. The indoor display cabinets display historical materials and cultural relics of the "Erqi" revolutionary struggle. Large pieces are displayed outside the cabinet. Cultural relics, oil paintings and models, etc. The Changxindian Erqi Memorial Hall collects and preserves a large number of real objects of the Jinghan Railway Workers' revolutionary struggles. It is not only a memorial site for the Changxindian Erqi strike and the labor movement, but also a good place to conduct revolutionary traditional education for young people. It may be the relationship near dusk, a very large memorial hall, only me as the audience.
Owning the Erqi Revolution Site, Erqi Martyrs Tomb, Erqi Memorial Hall, Beijing-Han Railway Line, Erqi Locomotive Factory, Changxindian Railway Station, it is a story about the Chinese people's anti-imperialist and feudalism, resistance to foreign aggression, and tenacious struggle with fate Great place.
I will visit again when the block renovation is completed, so that I can feel the old-fashioned street scene in the Republic of China period. It’s just that today I see that there are many modern high-rise buildings, allowing the original railway line to "sneak" into the "ditch". I can't describe the majestic appearance of the year because we are developing the road to space and the pedestrians are already in it. The above activity is active, but in my heart, the monument of the martyrs' spirit is getting bigger and bigger as the space rises!